Bed bugs have been around for thousands of years. They feed on blood but aren’t known to spread any diseases to humans. Some people can be allergic to their bites. Getting rid of a bed bug infestation isn’t easy, but there are steps you can take to control the problem. There are also steps you can take to avoid bringing bed bugs home.
What are bed bugs?
- Bed bugs are small, flat wingless insects that are reddish-brown in color & approximately one-quarter inch long, before feeding (about the size & shape of a small apple seed).
- They hide during the day on beds (mattress seams, box springs, bed frames, and headboards) & in cracks & crevices of walls, floors, & furniture. They come out at night.
- They can crawl rapidly but they don’t fly or jump.
How can the bed bugs get into my home?
- Bed bugs come from other infested areas or from used furniture. They can hitch a ride in luggage, backpacks, or other items placed on soft or upholstered surfaces.
- Bed bugs can travel between rooms in multi-unit buildings, such as apartment complexes and hotels.
How can we avoid bringing bed bugs into my home?
- When staying in a hotel, place your bag on a suitcase stand rather than on the bed or floor. Keep the rack away from walls or furniture. When returning home, wash the clothes from your trip and put them in a hot dryer.
- Inspect new and used furniture before bringing it inside. Look inseams, tufts and under cushions.
How do we know if I have a bed bug problem?
- You can see the bed bugs themselves, their shed skins, or their droppings in mattress seams and other items in the bedroom.
- There may also be blood stains on sheets.
How do we control a bed bug problem in my home?
It can be done, but it usually requires what is called an “integrated pest management” (IPM) approach. This combines techniques that pose the lowest risk to your health and the environment. Try these strategies:
- Clean and get rid of art, especially in your bedroom.
- Move your bed away from walls & furniture.
- Vacuum molding, windows, and floors every day. Vacuum sides & seams of mattresses, box springs, & furniture. Empty the vacuum or the bag immediately and dispose of outside in a sealed container or bag.
- Wash sheets, pillowcases, blankets and bed skirts and put them in a hot dryer for at least 30 minutes. Consider using mattress and box spring covers –the kind used for dust mite control–and put duct tape over the zipper.
- Seal cracks and crevices and & openings where pipes or wires come into the home.
Should we also try pesticides?
Pesticides may not be effective & can be harmful if used properly. If your decision to use pesticides, follow these instructions:
- Only use pesticides that are registered by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency & make sure they are labeled to control bed bugs.
- Don’t apply pesticides directly to your body.
- Don’t use outdoor pesticides indoors.
If we decision
- To hire a pest control company, make sure they have experience with bed bugs. They should follow the steps of IMP along with any pesticide application. Use a company that is registered and employs licensed applicators. The Department of Environmental Conservation has a list of registered companies.
It takes time and persistence to get rid of bed bugs, and in some cases, the cooperation of landlords, neighbors, and others. It can be physically and emotionally exhausting. It can also be expensive when pest control companies are called in. Just remember – bed bugs are more of a nuisance than a health concern and, with vigilance, you can avoid or deal with infestations. Registered companies.